Archive for December, 2011


From Perry Hall’s website PerryDox – here

I’ve added a little before and after the text.  I wonder if these should be viewed as part of the chiasmus – making the chiasmus larger?  Note the use of ‘enter‘ and ‘many‘ in both. 

The center could also be changed.  If you focus on the “fruit” rather than the “trees” you could display the center as follows:

C   17  “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit;

D    but the bad tree bears bad fruit.

D’   18  “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit,

C’   nor can a bad tree produce good fruit.

This may be an improvement since you would then have the beginning and end (A/A’) matching the center (D/D’).  Both the beginning/end and the center would be referring to ‘fruit’.  This would then bring the chiasmus in line with a common chiastic principle – matching the center with the end.


13  “Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide, and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it.  14  “For the gate is small, and the way is narrow that leads to life, and few are those who find it.  15  “Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves.

A    16  “You will know them by their fruits.

B    Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes, nor figs from thistles, are they?

C   17  “Even so, every good tree bears   (a)   good fruit; but the bad tree bears   (b)   bad fruit.

C’   18  “A good tree cannot produce   (b’)   bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce   (a’)   good fruit.

B’   19  “Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.

A’   20  “So then, you will know them by their fruits.

21  “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven.  22  “Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’  23  “And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; DEPART FROM ME, YOU WHO PRACTICE LAWLESSNESS.’


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Here I’m going back to the ‘same well’ as the post before.  From here.  (To be fair I’ll try to resist his paper from here on in.  :-).  It has many more chiasmi you may be interested in.)


A    1  Now I say, as long as the   (a)   heir is a   (b)   child, he does not differ at all from a   (c)   slave although he is owner of everything,

B    2  but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by the father.  3  So also we, while we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental things of the world.

C    4  But when the fulness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman,

D    born under the Law,

D’   5  in order that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

C’   6  And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son

B’   into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!

A’   7  Therefore you are no longer a   (c’)   slave, but a   (b’)   son; and if a son, then an   (a’)   heir through God.

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From John W. Welch’s article, “Chiasmus in the New Testament”:  here.  Though I’ve changed it a bit.


A    3  We give thanks to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you,

B    4  since we heard

C    of your faith in Christ Jesus and the love which you have for all the saints;  5  because of the hope laid up for you in heaven,

 D     of which you previously heard in the word of truth, the gospel,  6  which has come to you,

E    just as   [kathos kai]   in all the world also

F    it is constantly bearing fruit and increasing,

E’   even as it has been   [kathos kai]   doing in you also

D’   since the day you heard of it and understood the grace of God in truth

C’   7  just as you learned it from Epaphras, our beloved fellow bond-servant, who is a faithful servant of Christ on our behalf  8  and he also informed us of your love in the Spirit.

B’   9  For this reason also, since the day we heard of it,

A’   we have not ceased to pray for you and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding,

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