Archive for the ‘Bumgardner, Charles’ Category


About a week ago I posted a chiasmus by Charles Bumgardner on Hebrews 12:1-2.  Charles authors the blog Orchard Keeper.   A few days ago he left a comment here mentioning that he’s posted another of his chiasmi on his blog.  A chiasmi for 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12.  I’ve checked it out and I think it’s pretty good. 

The chiasmi, along with a Greek break-down and a very good essay, can be accessed at his blog here.  Please visit his site for the greater detail.  🙂

Interestingly, the center of his chiasmus has some similarities to the center of my chiasmus for 1 Thessalonians 1-2 – specifically, in regard to the topic of Paul, Sylvanus, and Timothy’s ‘working night and day so that we might not be a burden to any of you’



Chiastic structure of 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12:

A (3:6a)    Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,

B (3:6b)    that you withdraw from every brother who is leading a disorderly life

C (3:6c)    and not according to the tradition which they received from us.

D (3:7a)    For you yourselves know how you ought to follow our example,

E (3:7b)    because we did not act in a disorderly manner among you,

F (3:8a)    nor did we eat anyone’s bread without paying for it,

F’ (3:8b)    but with labor and hardship we kept working night and day

E’ (3:8c)    so that we might not be a burden to any of you;

D’ (3:9)    not because we do not have the right to this, but in order to offer ourselves as a model for you, that you might follow our example.

C’ (3:10)    For even when we were with you, we used to give you this order:  if anyone will not work, neither let him eat.

B’ (3:11)    For we hear that some among you are leading a disorderly life, doing no work at all, but acting like busybodies.

A’ (3:12)    Now such persons we command and exhort in the Lord Jesus Christ to work in quitet fashion and eat their own bread.


Thank you Charles!  Nice one.


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From the blog “Orchard Keeper“.

A    1  Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us,

B     let us also lay aside  /  every encumbrance, and the sin which so easily entangles us,

C     and let us run with endurance

D     the race that is set before us,

 E    2  fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith,

 D’   who for the joy set before Him

 C’    endured the cross,

 B’   despising  /  the shame,

 A’   and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.


C/C’ and D/D’ are direct matches, using the same Greek word (endurance, set before). 

I like the resources given at the bottom of his blog entry.  🙂

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