This chiasmus is from Grant R. Osborne’s book, “Romans”. The chiasmus can be found here at Google books, page 366. The book can also be found here at Amazon.
I’ve creating a new center, F.
F focuses on peace with both God and man. The new center reminds me of Jesus’ words in Mark 12:29-31, where the two social spheres of God and man (‘the vertical and the horizontal’) are emphasized:
28 And one of the scribes came and heard them arguing, and recognizing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “What commandment is the foremost of all?” 29 Jesus answered, “The foremost is, ‘HEAR, O ISRAEL! THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD; 30 AND YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND, AND WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH.’ 31 “The second is this, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”
A Judging (v. 13a)
B Stumbling block (v.13b)
C Clean/unclean (v.14)
D Destroying (v. 15)
E Peace and unity (vv 16-18)
E’ Peace and unity (v. 19)
D’ Destroying (v. 20a)
C’ Clean/unclean (v. 20b)
B’ Stumbling block (v. 21)
A’ Judging (vv. 22-23)
… Several have noted a chiastic pattern here. Perhaps the most comprehensive is Dunn (1988b:816 …
This section addresses the strong, who should be leading the way to establishing unity in the church by opening themselves up to the “weaker” brothers and sisters. Neither side should stand in judgment over the other, for God alone is the judge of all, and he has accepted both groups (vv. 3, 10). In a terrific play on words, Paul tells the strong that instead of “judging” (krino) the weak, they must “decide” (krino) not to put any stumbling block or obstacle in … [the] way of the “weak” Christians. Rather than negative judgment, they must be characterized by positive discernment. The two words are virtually synonymous. A stumbling block is that which causes someone to fall into sin. Similarly,an obstacle derives from the concept of “trapping something in a snare” and therefore is used in the LXX of falling into sin. So it came to mean “an obstacle in coming to faith and a cause of going astray,” a transgression that leads to destruction, thus something that destroys faith and causes apostasy.
A 13 Therefore let us not judge one another anymore,
B but rather determine this– not to put an obstacle or a stumbling block / in a brother’s way.
C 14 I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
D 15 For if because of food your brother is hurt, you are no longer walking according to love. Do not destroy with your food him for whom Christ died.
E 16 Therefore do not let what is for you a good thing be spoken of as evil; 17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
F 18 For he who in this way serves Christ is acceptable to God and approved by men.
E’ 19 So then let us pursue the things which make for peace and the building up of one another.
D’ 20 Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of food.
C’ All things indeed are clean, / but they are evil for the man who eats and gives offense.
B’ 21 It is good not to eat meat or to drink wine, or to do anything by which your brother / stumbles.
A’ 22 The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before God. / Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves. 23 But he who doubts is condemned if he eats – because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.